Jurisprudence over the offense of driving under the influence of drugs SAP-MU 39/2015 crime of driving under the influence of drugs and witness statements IB 117/14 SAP- driving offense under the influence of drugs and analytical SAP-IB 117/14 Judgment Hearing about the symptoms of poisoning by drugs and driving: “The Board indeed considers that the case of the prosecution appears feasible primarily because it would explain the accident, but also of the defense and at least similar or identical probability. We say this because if the defendant had ingested cocaine and other substances such as amphetamines and methamphetamines and cannabis these have stimulating effects and non-depressants body and yet the state of the accused It was not characteristic of these substances, but the contrary. I was dejected, decentralized and instability is also important to note that leaf symptoms does not correspond to the person of the accused, if not with the other individual identified by another name and DNI with different data and possibly another driver who was stopped that morning or the night before (the Judging attributed the defect to a mere mistake in the name but not the symptoms); and the most important thing to note is that just after one hour and fifteen minutes from the accident the defendant to medical examination revealed no signs apparently normal symptoms of being poisoned. In any case, the accused had drugs typically produce consumed in the subject the consumer excitement, waking, hyperactivity and euphoric effects. However the attitude of the driver was the opposite.

The driver of the other vehicle was not strict when it comes to describing the state of the accused, he simply said that he felt something strange, but nothing prevents that was due to his nervousness, knowing he had consumed drugs or have suffered very fact an accident or front-lateral collision that finished out of bed after a weekend in which he had consumed stale and variety of substances. With all that to the extent feasible while the accident was because the defendant was under the influence of drugs, as it was due to a different reason, such as a distraction or drowsiness and the defendant although used drugs that previous intake could take place the night of Saturday to Sunday and not Sunday night and that would explain the results of the analytical results have yielded positive, but that was not affected by that consumer, since the elimination of the drug in the body lasts for several days, although their effects disappear after a certain time and even after sleep and rest for several hours, as they had declared the defendant and his then partner sentimental, why the doctor who explored the accused when shooting analytical urine for no perceived symptoms consistent with a consumption immediately the accident drug to the duality of probabilities and both being equally possible and with the same legal vitality, there is no other conclusion than the issuance of an acquittal under the principle in dubious pro reo. ”


Can I refuse a Breathalyzer Test ?

Drunk-driving checkpoints, arrests, and convictions have become so common that everyone seems to have their own story, or, if not, a friend-of-a-friend’s story. And for every story there are just as many arm-chair attorneys who know exactly what to do when faced with Breathalyzer test. But which one is right? Here’s a quick look at the real consequences of refusing a Breathalyzer.

What happens if I refuse a Breathalyzer Test?

If you refuse a Breathalyzer test, you will most likely face serious consequences. For instance, if an officer stops you and believes you are intoxicated, and you refuse to submit to a test to determine your blood-alcohol concentration (BAC), you may risk having your license suspended or even face jail time.

While you may not be under arrest at this point, refusing a Breathalyzer may not be such a great idea as prosecutors may still base a potential DUI/DWI charge on other evidence collected at the scene, including officer observations, witness testimony, or the results of a field sobriety test. In certain jurisdictions, your refusal may be used against you in any possible trial. And some state laws distinguish between refusing a mobile Breathalyzer (which can carry a small penalty) and refusing a post-arrest blood, urine, or breath test at a police station or hospital (which can result in more severe penalties).

Implied consent laws

Since driving is considered a privilege and not a right, states can suspend or revoke your driver’s license, levy fines, or even put you in jail for not submitting to a BAC test when suspected of a DUI. Under “implied consent laws,” drivers have implicitly consented to a BAC test in exchange for driving privileges. Therefore, you essentially surrender your driving privileges if you refuse a Breathalyzer.

States will generally penalize drivers for refusing to take the test by suspending their license for up to 12 months, depending on the state. Those with past DUI convictions can face even longer suspensions or jail time. However, some drivers may decide that the penalty for refusing a BAC test is less severe than a third or fourth DUI conviction.

On average, 20 percent of those suspected of driving under the influence refuse to take a BAC test, according to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). But major differences in state-by-state refusal rates (for example, 2.4 percent in Delaware and 81 percent in New Hampshire) suggest wide variances in how implied consent laws are enforced. It is therefore important to know how your state enforces DUI penalties.

“No-Refusal” enforcement

In response to drivers who refuse a Breathalyzer test to avoid incrimination, some states have adopted “no-refusal” DUI enforcement initiatives which can force suspects to submit to testing under the authority of a warrant. The ability of police officers to procure electronic warrants on their mobile devices from a judge has helped address the problem of a suspect sobering up before a paper warrant can be physically obtained. Further, refusing a warrant-ordered BAC test can result in serious contempt charges, and could just result in police drawing a blood test by force.

More than half of all states have the legal authority to enact no-refusal DUI enforcement initiatives, but not all states actively use them. Also, some states may permit drivers to contact an attorney prior to deciding what chemical test to take after a traffic stop. Check with the laws in your state and local jurisdiction for more details.

More resources

The rules and regulations regarding consent to field sobriety tests can be complex, and it is important to be aware of your rights and responsibilities. If you have been arrested or charged with driving under the influence, or if you want to know what the rules are before that happens, you can consult with an experienced DUI attorney in your jurisdiction. You can also find more introductory information in Find Law’s DUI section.


Boulder DUI Attorney

Consequences of Refusing a Breath Test

Law enforcement officers employ a number of tests to determine whether you are under the influence of alcohol. Of all the tests a law enforcement officer can perform to ascertain the level alcohol in your blood, and the breath test is the most commonly used testing procedure. As breathalyzer tests can tell an officer your blood alcohol level with a questionable amount of accuracy, many individuals opt to refuse a breath test when pulled over under the suspicion of operating a vehicle while intoxicated.

Tests such as the breathalyzer are voluntary and an individual has every right to refuse to participate in these tests. In some instances, refusing a breath test can be a further indication to law enforcement, the prosecution, and to the judge that you were indeed intoxicated beyond the legal blood alcohol levels. You will automatically face severe consequences if you choose to refuse the test. If you find yourself in a situation where you have refused to participate in a breath test and stand to face the consequences of your refusal, you must contact a Boulder DUI attorney immediately.

Breathe Test Refusal Lawyer in Boulder

An attorney with a thorough knowledge of all laws and circumstances surrounding DUI cases can review your situation and advise you on how to proceed. Refusing to take a breath test is not an admission of guilt, but it can lead to a suspension of your license for one year or longer. At the Lancaster Law Office, we believe that your right to refuse a breath test should be protected. It is vital that you have skilled legal representation to address any such case, as there may be opportunities to avoid the consequences when our legal team takes immediate action on your behalf.

Traffic Violations (DUI DWI) 

A first offense DUI is usually a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment or a fine. Illinois DUI statute criminalizes all leading, almost any type of vehicle while under the influence of alcohol, drugs or any intoxicating compound. Illinois DUI statute also criminalizes “physical control” of a vehicle under the influence. Therefore, the law does not require that a person actually driving the vehicle or have the engine running. A DUI conviction is a felony that is almost certain to affect the freedom of a person, privileges, employment or car insurance driving unfavorably.

A person accused of a DUI may receive more than a traffic infraction DUI. This is due to the statute currently it classifies many different types of DU I. In most DUI traffic stops, it will apply more than one legal section. For example, a person may smell like alcohol and failed field sobriety tests and that person can take the breathalyzer test and blow higher than 0.08. Therefore, the police will issue a citation for DUI for driving with an alcohol concentration greater than 0.08 breath and police issued a citation for DUI for driving under the influence of alcohol.

DUI penalties vary depending on a number of factors. Penalties of typical criminals  who infringe first law   generally includes a period of court supervision, treatment of alcohol and substance abuse counseling, assistance to a panel of victim impact and legal fines and court costs. A mandatory assessment agency assessment sanctioned by the Circuit Court of the place generally determines the amount of treatment and counseling. However, the trial court always has the power to increase penalties within legal limits. It is important to know, however, is that a DUI conviction will result in the Secretary of State to revoke the offender’s driver’s license. Revocation, unlike a suspension, not a termination date established. Illinois law also created a number of aggravating factors that trigger mandatory sanctions such as mandatory jail, community service, fines, installation of ignition interlock devices and revocations. These factors include, but are not limited to, the age of the offender, the age of the passenger, the concentration of alcohol in the breath of a person if the offender had insurance or if the offender had a valid driver’s license.

A person accused of a DUI faces not only the criminal case, but in general will face administrative suspension of driving license. This administrative action can lead to unusual results in a person defeat the DUI charge but still gets suspended license. This suspension is called legal summary suspension. Suspension of the license of this driver is independent of the criminal case, and is the result of an administrative action by the office of the Secretary of State of Illinois. People who agree to perform the breath test and will not receive a suspension, a person who refuses to take a breathalyzer test receive a longer suspension. Moreover, the Secretary of State will not lift the suspension until the time and the person paying a reinstatement fee. Under certain limited circumstances, a lawyer may be able to file a petition to revoke the statutory summary suspension. A lawyer must file a petition to rescind the statutory summary suspension within a specific time period or the offender will lose the right to challenge the suspension. If the court grants the request, the Secretary of State does not suspend the offender’s driver’s license or the suspension lifted. If the court rejects the request to annul the legal suspension, an attorney may still be able to get limited privileges to the client drive, sometimes known as an igniter or BAIID.

A DUI is a very serious crime. The many types of DUI charges and circumstances of each case are as diverse as the sanctions regime applicable, revocations and suspensions. Therefore, each case may present an opportunity for our experienced defense lawyers to attack the base of the traffic stop, or to attack the results of a breathalyzer test or suppress the results of the field sobriety exercises.